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Unified Modeling and Performance Comparison for Cellular and Cell-Free Massive MIMO

Wei Jiang; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: MeditCom. IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom-2024), Madrid, Spain, IEEE, 7/2024.


Cell-free massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) has recently gained a lot of attention due to its high potential in sixth-generation (6G) wireless systems. The goal of this paper is to first present a unified modeling for massive MIMO, encompassing both cellular and cell-free architectures with a variable number of antennas per access point. We derive signal transmission models and achievable spectral efficiency in both the downlink and uplink using zero-forcing and maximal-ratio schemes. We also provide performance comparisons in terms of per-user and sum spectral efficiency.