Annotating Honorifics Denoting Social Ranking of Referents.

Melanie Siegel, Shigeko Nariyama, Hiromi Nakaiwa

In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora (LINC-2005).. International Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora (LINC) 2005.


This paper proposes an annotating scheme that encodes honorifics (respectful words). Honorifics are used extensively in Japanese, reflecting the social relationship (e.g. social ranks and age) of the referents. This referential information is vital for resolving zero pronouns and improving machine translation outputs. Annotating honorifics is a complex task that involves identifying a predicate with honorifics, assigning ranks to referents of the predicate, calibrating the ranks, and connecting referents with their predicates.

I05-6011.pdf (pdf, 386 KB )

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence