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A Simple Multiple-Access Design for Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface-Aided Systems

Wei Jiang; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: Proceedings of the 2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference. IEEE Global Communications Conference (Globecom-2023), December 4-8, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, IEEE, 12/2023.


This paper focuses on the design of transmission methods and reflection optimization for a wireless system assisted by a single or multiple reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs). The existing techniques are either too complex to implement in practical systems or too inefficient to achieve high performance. To overcome the shortcomings of the existing schemes, we propose a simple but efficient approach based on opportunistic reflection and non-orthogonal transmission. The key idea is opportunistically selecting the best user that can reap the maximal gain from the optimally reflected signals via RIS. That is to say, only the channel state information of the best user is used for RIS reflection optimization, which can in turn lower complexity substantially. In addition, the second user is selected to superpose its signal on that of the primary user, where the benefits of non-orthogonal transmission, i.e., high system capacity and improved user fairness, are obtained. Additionally, a simplified variant exploiting random phase shifts is proposed to avoid the high overhead of RIS channel estimation.