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TimeREISE: Time-series Randomized Evolving Input Sample Explanation

Dominique Mercier; Andreas Dengel; Sheraz Ahmed
In: Sensors - Open Access Journal (Sensors), Vol. 22, Pages 1-19, MDPI, 5/2022.


Deep neural networks are one of the most successful classifiers across different domains. However, their use is limited in safety-critical areas due to their limitations concerning interpretability. The research field of explainable artificial intelligence addresses this problem. However, most interpretability methods align to the imaging modality by design. The paper introduces TimeREISE, a model agnostic attribution method that shows success in the context of time series classification. The method applies perturbations to the input and considers different attribution map characteristics such as the granularity and density of an attribution map. The approach demonstrates superior performance compared to existing methods concerning different well-established measurements. TimeREISE shows impressive results in the deletion and insertion test, Infidelity, and Sensitivity. Concerning the continuity of an explanation, it showed superior performance while preserving the correctness of the attribution map. Additional sanity checks prove the correctness of the approach and its dependency on the model parameters. TimeREISE scales well with an increasing number of channels and timesteps. TimeREISE applies to any time series classification network and does not rely on prior data knowledge. TimeREISE is suited for any usecase independent of dataset characteristics such as sequence length, channel number, and number of classes.

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