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Tutorial "User-Adaptive Systems: An Integrative Overview"
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Last update: 28.10.00

The following PDF file contains the slides of the tutorial User-Adaptive Systems: An Integrative Overview, which was presented at the following conferences:


The tutorial considers in turn six questions that need to be addressed during the design of any user-adaptive system:

  1. What function is to be served by the adaptation?
  2. What properties of the user should be modeled?
  3. What input data about the user should be obtained?
  4. What techniques should be employed to make inferences about the user?
  5. What empirical studies should be conducted during the design process?

For each question, the main types of answer that have been worked out so far are presented and illustrated with examples, and their strengths and limitations are discussed.


Two slides are included on each page; the pages can be printed on either U.S. letter or European A4 paper. To facilitate orientation, the pages include section headings and subheadings. Literature references and web links are included in the slides.

The use of PDF (Portable Document Format) makes it possible to print or view the slides with high resolution on almost any platform with the free Acrobat Reader.

The slides have been formatted so as to facilitate on-line viewing as well as printing. You can:

(Note that most of these functions are available only in the Acrobat Reader, not in other viewers that are capable of handling PDF.)

If you have the Acrobat Reader installed as a plug-in for your browser, you can view the slides directly in your browser by clicking on the following link. But because of the number of slides (140) and the size of the file (4mB), it's more advisable to download the whole file to your computer (e.g., using the right mouse button in Netscape) and to view or print it from there.


There is also an on-line annotated bibliography which is organized according to the concepts of the tutorial. Although it necessarily covers only a small sample of the relevant literature, it may help readers to find examples and articles that complement those discussed in the tutorial.

The "Help" instructions explain how the HTML files can be copied to your local computer for more convenient access.

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